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Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis is a debilitating nervous system disease that affects over 23,000 Australians, with varying types and symptoms. On The Go Rehabilitation services specialise in providing professional physiotherapy and exercise physiology services which have been shown to help reduce symptoms of MS for many sufferers. Contact us for more information.

What is Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease that affects the central nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord and optic nerves. MS is considered by experts to be an autoimmune disease, caused by the nervous system being attacked and damaged by the immune system. MS generally progresses gradually, with alternating periods of remission, good health and disabling flare-ups.

Types of MS:

Even though multiple sclerosis affects individuals in different ways, there are four broad groups into which MS is categorised:

  • Relapsing Remitting MS (RRMS)
  • Secondary Progressive MS (SPMS)
  • Primary Progressive MS (PPMS)
  • Clinically Isolated Syndrome (CIS)
Physiotherapy for MS

Problems with mobility, balance, fatigue and spasticity are common issues for people diagnosed with MS for which physiotherapy can be a beneficial therapy.

Physiotherapists provide a unique contribution to the management of people with MS by improving and maintaining functional abilities and managing the physical long term symptoms.

Physiotherapists can provide specific rehabilitation programs and facilitate self management and coordinated care.

For people with more complex needs physiotherapy should be delivered within a multidisciplinary specialist team/service where regular evaluation and assessment can be provided.

There is evidence that multidisciplinary rehabilitation can improve levels of activity and participation levels of people with MS.

The greatest potential for central nervous system adaptation and recovery occurs in the early stages of the disease.

Physiotherapy intervention and advice early after diagnosis can reduce disability, maximise potential for independence, improve employment sustainability and reduce the impact that the disease has on health and quality of life factors.

Physiotherapy Intervention

There is a strong body of evidence demonstrating that exercise used as part of a rehabilitation programme can increase activity and improve the health and well-being of people with MS.

In addition there is an emerging body of evidence to say that physiotherapists, as part of a specialist neurorehabilitative service, have a key role in managing specific symptoms of MS including pain, spasticity and the prevention of secondary complications such as contracture.

Results from randomised controlled clinical trials of exercise programmes in MS have demonstrated benefits in muscle strength, cardiovascular fitness, aerobic thresholds and activity levels and functional improvements, such as walking ability.

Exercise is generally highly valued by patients who report improvements in mood and quality of life.

For further information or enquiries regarding MS treatment, contact the professionals in rehabilitation services at On The Go Rehab today.